ERIC Number: ED115146
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Jan-17
Reference Count: 0
The Private Presence in American Higher Education.
Bowen, Howard R.
The importance of private initiative has long been recognized in tax exemption by federal, state, and local governments. One outcome of this history is the dual system of higher education--a system that is partly private and partly public. Despite the important service rendered by the private sector, it is today facing a bleak financial future. Meanwhile dozens of new public institutions and new campuses of old ones have been established , new educational programs have been started in the public sector, and the general quality of public institutions has been raised. These changes have still further weakened the competitive position of the private sector. It is clear that if the present trends continue, many if not most private colleges will be in trouble. The nation clearly faces the decision: Does it wish to maintain the dual system of higher education or not? The point of view that seems to be emerging among educators of both the public and private sectors is the emerging division of labor between the states and the Federal Government. The states will continue to have major responsibility for institutions and some responsibility for student aid. The Federal Government will have a supplementary and supportive role with emphasis on student aid, incentive programs to encourage state action, and categorical grants for research and graduate and professional study. The hope is for a plural or diverse system, including a healthy, private sector, within which there will be competition and also complementarity. (Author/KE)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Not available in hard copy due to marginal reproducibility of original document