ERIC Number: ED115106
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Will the Real Bilingual-Bicultural Please Stand Up? A Non-Taxing Taxonomy. CATESOL Occasional Papers, No. 2.
Lum, John B.
A number of terms employed in the field of bilingual education are used interchangeably and incorrectly. Some of these are: English as a second language (ESL), English as a foreign language (EFL), Americanization, bilingual, bicultural, multicultural, multiethnic, cross-cultural, and intergroup. There is a lack of consensus as to the meaning, perspectives and proper uses of these terms, which causes considerable confusion. This article is a plea for some agreement on the definition of commonly used terms relating to bilingual education. Educators should adhere to two principles when they refer to bilingual education: (1) indicate whether these terms are used as products or processes, and (2) distinguish between programs and components. The terms listed above usually refer to instructional processes, and the major part of this article defines these processes, which are at the heart of bilingual/bicultural education. (Author/TL)
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Association of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages.