ERIC Number: ED115105
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Oct
Reference Count: 0
On the Phonemic Principle and Romanization of Korean.
Koo, Jang H.
This paper challenges from a practical point of view the idea that the phonemic principle is the most adequate or the optimal theoretical basis for devising a romanized alphabet for a language. In the past, romanization of languages, written or unwritten, have largely been based on the phonemic principle and have unnecessarily burdened the learner with the task of memorizing phonological rules. In the present paper, a strict distinction is made between a romanization for a practical purpose (i.e., for a foreigner) and a romanization for a scientific linguistic purpose (i.e., for a native speaker), because the learner does not have the same competence in the target language as the native speaker. Furthermore, a language is romanized, not for its native speakers who can read the language in their native writing system, but rather for those who do not use the same writing system. Korean is used as an example to demonstrate how romanization can be free of as many phonological rules as possible, and adhere as far as possible to the principle of "one sound, one symbol." (Author)
Descriptors: Alphabets, Korean, Language Research, Native Speakers, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Phonemic Alphabets, Phonemics, Phonology, Romanization, Writing (Composition), Written Language
University of Hawaii Center for Korean Studies, Moore Hall 215, 1890 East-West Road, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (HC $4.50)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Meeting of Asian Studies on the Pacific Coast (June 20, 1975)