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ERIC Number: ED114904
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Management by Objectives. NAESP School Leadership Digest Second Series, Number 3. ERIC/CEM Research Analysis Series, Number 18.
It is possible to remain faithful to the general intentions of management by objectives (MBO) while boiling it down to four major points. First, MBO places the emphasis on results rather than on resources or the ways in which resources are utilized. Second, responsibility for achieving these results is shared jointly by the superior and his subordinate. Third, the establishment of this responsibility and the achievement of the results are both obtained through rigorous attention to specificity. Fourth, shared responsibility and attention to specificity permit evaluation on the basis of performance, according to present standards. It appears that MBO can be a very beneficial system when employed with a good grasp of its potential and an equally good grasp of the situation in which it is to be introduced. If the purposes for which MBO is being introduced are sound, if the implementation is handled with care and patience, and if the commitment of all involved is high, there are few reasons why MBO should fail. Before a school system definitely decides that MBO is the answer, however, it should examine the problems that have been encountered with it. (Author)
Descriptors: Accountability, Administration, Educational Assessment, Educational Planning, Elementary Secondary Education, Employer Employee Relationship, Evaluation, Management by Objectives, Management Systems, Objectives, Participation, Systems Approach
National Association of Elementary School Principals, 1801 North Moore Street, Arlington, Virginia 22209 ($2.50, single copy; $25.00, complete series of 12 issues)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Association of Elementary School Principals, Washington, DC.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.