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ERIC Number: ED114761
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Albert Michotte and Memory.
Gavin, Eileen A.
Albert Michotte, known primarily for his research in perception, also carried out several experiments in logical memory (conceptual or intellectual memory). He was strongly influenced by Kulpe, feeling that the thought processes were autonomous, in contradiction to more traditional and elementary conceptions of mental activity. His experiments, using paired-associate techniques to study the place of thought in logical memory, made note of time to complete each word pair; interval between presentation and test; and the subjects' introspections about the experience, perceptions of the word pair, and trains of thought engendered by the presentation of a single word. Significant findings were the different patterns of conscious phenomena each subject used in recalling the second word of the pairs, regardless of almost identical recall accuracy, and the large number of intermediary phenomena (relational and non-relational thought, visual imagery, and false words) that made up the recall process. Michotte concluded that relational thought was necessary to logical memory, but that it could not stand alone. Michotte's emphasis on memory as a contributor to action (one experiment was carried on in everyday situations instead of the laboratory) and his discovery of the multiplicity of means by which different individuals arrive at the same outcome are still of significance to current memory research. (MR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A