ERIC Number: ED114754
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-May
Reference Count: 0
Rationale and Design for Reducing Sex Differences in Occupational and Educational Attainment by Strengthening Across-Sex Peer Influences. Report No. 196.
Michaels, James W.; McCulloch, Donna H.
Major sex differences in occupational and educational attainment are summarized and a rationale and supporting evidence presented for reducing such sex differences by strengthening across-sex task interaction and reward interdependence in school classrooms, thus strengthening across-sex peer influence. An experimental design is suggested, though not implemented, which would analytically separate the effects of cooperative and competitive task interaction from those of positive and negative reward interdependence. Thus, it is hypothesized that both task interaction and reward interdependence would contribute to strengthening across-sex task-related interaction outside of the formal task-reward setting. Appendix A includes student self-report measures of the dependent variables of interest, and Appendix B discusses several problems encountered in reviewing the literature on sex differences and sex discrimination. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for the Study of Social Organization of Schools.