ERIC Number: ED114538
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Demand for Scientific and Technical Manpower in Selected Energy-Related Industries, 1970-85: A Methodology Applied to a Selected Scenario of Energy Output. A Summary.
Gutmanis, Ivars; And Others
The primary purpose of the study was to develop and apply a methodology for estimating the need for scientists and engineers by specialty in energy and energy-related industries. The projections methodology was based on the Case 1 estimates by the National Petroleum Council of the results of "maximum efforts" to develop domestic fuel sources by 1980 and 1985. It is based on seven energy-related industries: electric generation; petroleum and natural gas extraction and petroleum refining; natural gas production, transmission, and distribution; coal mining; nuclear power production and radioactive waste disposal; manufacture of selected producers' durable equipment for electric companies; and energy-related construction. Employment of engineers and scientists is expected to increase 117 percent from 1970 to 1985, with a more rapid growth of demand for engineers than for scientists. Physicists, with an increase of 186 percent, and chemists, with an increase of 110 percent, are expected to comprise about 61 percent of the total demand for scientists. Demands for geologists and geophysicists will also continue. The projections indicate an average, annual additional requirement of about 11,200 engineers and 4,300 scientists by 1985; the future supply of engineers and scientists may be inadequate to meet the demands of energy/energy-related industries. (EA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Planning Association, Washington, DC.