ERIC Number: ED114402
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: 0
Early Identification: Predicting School Problems Before They Become Disabling.
Senf, Gerald M.
Screening for early identification of learning problems must be done through effective identification procedures which assure all children an equal opportunity for quality education. In order to do this, it is necessary to identify the essential characteristics of an effective screening program, the ways these characteristics might be implemented, and the possible pitfalls which must be avoided. Early identification is a predictive procedure which seeks to identify signs that warn of impending problems, and it should be proven that these warning signs and the methods of their recognition are reliable and valid predictors of future educational difficulties. Unvalidated screening programs are detrimental both to children not served and to those incorrectly classified. Thus, accuracy is an essential characteristic of an exemplary early identification program; the accuracy of the forecast must be demonstrated by specifying exactly what outcome behaviors are being predicted. It is, then, important to specify and measure reliably the set of predictors that one thinks can validly forecast failure in the basic academic skills one, two, or even three years in advance. A screening procedure must be practical as well as accurate. It must be acceptable to all involved (the child, the teacher, and the parents), and it must be cost effective, by utilizing inexpensive materials and requiring a minimum amount of child, teacher, and administrator time. (BD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Arizona Univ., Tucson. Dept. of Special Education.