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ERIC Number: ED114401
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Audio-Tutorial Programming with Exceptional Children.
Hofmeister, Alan
The impetus for this study developed from a search for intervention procedures applicable to children with learning difficulties in the regular grades. It was noted that, when certain aspects of the curriculum which involved extensive repetition were being taught to pupils, approximately 90 percent of the interactions between teachers and pupils were either negative or neutral. It was decided to explore the use of the audio tape recorder in the three areas of spelling, math combinations, and preschool language (areas which exemplify this extensive repetition), thus replacing neutral and negative comments by audio-tutorial (A-T) programming. Three groups of exceptional children provided the data for this study: slow learning, educable mentally retarded, and trainable mentally retarded. The purpose of the A-T programming in math combinations was to provide intervention after the concepts had been taught, but prior to the time the pupil was required to use them as part of more advanced math skills. The purpose of the spelling program was to provide overlearning of words on the required spelling list. The preschool language program was used with severely retarded pupils, utilizing the Basic Concept Inventory as both a diagnostic device and as a subject matter source. These three programs are criterion referenced in their basic approach and the data collected to date on pupil progress and teacher reaction is encouraging. The characteristics of A-T programming offer promise as a way of meeting some of the problems encountered in the instruction of exceptional children. (BD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A