ERIC Number: ED114394
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Native American Ceremonial Athletic Games.
Pesavento, Wilma J.
This is a report on the relationship of North American Indian athletic games to ceremonies. Data for this investigation were researched from 48 "Annual Reports of the Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution" published from 1881 to 1933, and the 84 volumes of the "American Anthropologist" published from 1888 to 1974. Observational reports from American ethnologists and anthropologists were also included. Forty-six examples of North American Indian athletic game-ceremonial relationships were collected. Thirty-one tribes were represented in the data. The results indicated that ceremonial rites, both need-related and game-success-oriented, formed a major category of the athletic game/ceremony relationship. Ceremonial rituals also formed a major category of the relationship. It was shown that the ceremonial accompaniment aspect was a minor category of the athletic game and ceremony relationship; when the ceremonies were over, the games, as entertainment, began. Based upon the accounts from which the data were drawn, it is shown that North American Indian athletic games were not without ceremonial relationships. Tribal culture was integrated into native North America ceremonial athletic games in a number of ways. (RC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (1975)