ERIC Number: ED114314
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Convergent and Divergent Social Cues Effects of Televised Aggression on Children.
Collins, W. Andrew; Zimmerman, Stephen A.
Research assessing the impact of consistently negative motivations versus mixed negative and positive motivations for a televised character's aggressive behavior and the consequences on children's subsequent behavior is provided. This study is also reported in related document SO 008 573. Second and sixth graders viewed one of two edited versions of an aggressive television program: (1) one in which scenes relevant to motives and consequences were clearly negative, and (2) one in which the aggressor sometimes appeared negative and positive. There were nonaggressive control programs at each age. Random subgroups of children responded to an indication of willingness to hurt or help a fictitious other child, while other random subgroups responded to a paper-and-pencil instrument employing both aggressive and nonaggressive response alternatives to hypothetical situations. The results indicate that children who watched the program with mixed character motivations are more aggressive. Therefore, the effects of aggression on television are not only modified by motives and consequences in the program, but also depend on their uniformity. (Author/DE)
Descriptors: Aggression, Antisocial Behavior, Behavior Patterns, Behavioral Science Research, Child Development, Child Psychology, Childhood Attitudes, Elementary Education, Programing (Broadcast), Social Behavior, Social Influences, Social Psychology, Television, Television Research, Television Viewing, Violence
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Children's Bureau (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Inst. of Child Development .