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ERIC Number: ED114212
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Differential Parental Effects Among One-Year-Old Infants in a Stranger and Separation Situation.
Keller, Harold R.; And Others
This study examined the differential effects of sex of parent, sex of child, and sex of stranger on infant behavior in a stranger-separation situation. Year-old infants (16 males and 19 females) from middle-class families were observed and videotaped twice, at one-week intervals, in a modification of Ainsworth's laboratory stranger and separation situation. Sex of parent, order of parent (which was counterbalanced), and situational episode were varied within subjects, while sex of child and sex of stranger were varied between subjects. Traditional indices of attachment (indirect indices such as disorganization behaviors) suggested that the infants were more attached to their mothers, while positive approach behaviors of the infants suggested a stronger attachment to fathers. Male infants engaged in proximity-contact seeking and contact maintaining behaviors significantly more than expected in the mother situation, while daughters were significantly more likely to perform these same behaviors with their fathers. Data analysis suggests that there is not a unitary construct of attachment, but rather different patterns of attachment behaviors which develop individually in relation to specific figures and as consequences of specified interactional experiences. (Author/BRT)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Denver, Colorado, April 10-13, 1975)