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ERIC Number: ED114204
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Pages: 33
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
An Analysis of Observer Influence on Sex and Social Class Differences in Mother--Infant Interaction.
Randall, Tom M.
This study was undertaken to determine whether the process of collecting observational data on mother-infant interactions influences the phenomena under investigation. A total of 40 white mother-infant dyads participated in the study. Half of the mothers were middle class and half were working class, and within each class group, half of the infants were male and half were female. All of the infants were between 10 and 11 months old at the time of the study. To assess the effect of the presence of an observer does have significant differential effects for the two on the mother-infant interaction while the experimenter was present in the playroom and also while the mother and infant were alone in the playroom unaware that they were being observed. All actual observation and recording of data was done from an adjacent observation room. Results indicated that in a laboratory investigation, the presence of an observer does have singificant differential effects for the two social classes, with the working class mothers producing significantly more verbalization in the unobtrusive condition and the middle class mothers verbalizing equally in both conditions. There was no significant main effects for sex of infant. (JMB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A