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ERIC Number: ED114195
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Prior Knowledge of Rules in Concept Learning.
Brainerd, Charles J.
This paper briefly reviews the literature concerning the Paiget-Burner debate over the roles of identify and reversibility rules in conservation acquisition, and describes an experiment designed to determine whether one group of rules is more closely related to conservation than the other. A group of children, aged 4-6 years, received tests of inversion, reciprocity, qualitative and quantitative identity, and conservation of liquid, weight, and length. A total of 75 of these children, who showed no evidence of conservation but exhibited considerable variability on the four rule tests, were selected for the experiment. Of these, 50 experimental subjects were trained to acquire liquid quantity conservation via an elementary feedback procedure. The 25 control subjects received the same liquid quantity problems during training trials, but feedback was omitted. In a posttest one week later, subjects were readministered the liquid, weight and length conservation tasks. Performance of the trained subjects in all areas was far superior to their controls. It was determined that prior knowledge of Piaget's inversion rule was an excellent predictor of conservation learning, and that neither Bruner's nor Piaget's analyses of conservation appears to be entirely correct. (ED)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A