ERIC Number: ED114193
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Mirror-Image Stimulation and Self Recognition in Infancy.
Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Lewis, Michael
This study explores the development of visual self-recgonition by examining the effect of rouge application on the subsequent mirror behavior of 96 infants, ages 9-24 months. Each infant was observed in front of a mirror in four consecutive conditions: (1) with no rouge applied to infant's nose (baseline), (2) with a dot of rouge on infant's nose, (3) with mother, who has a dot of rouge on her nose, and (4) with infant (still rouged) alone. Behavioral responses were videotaped and coded according to six main categories: facial expressions, vocalizations, attention, mirror-directed behaviors, self-directed behaviors, and imitative behaviors. Results indicate that in the rouged condition, infants increased in nose-directed behaviors, interest and attention, some imitative behaviors, touching own image and body-directed behavior. These results are discussed in terms of self-awareness and stage theory. (GO)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Denver, Colorado, April 10-13, 1975)