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ERIC Number: ED114164
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Emergence and Functions of Prosocial Behaviors in Young Children.
Yarrow, Marian Radke; And Others
This paper describes three interrelated studies which investigated the cognitions, feelings, and motives involved in the emergence and progression of prosocial behaviors. The first study examined the child's emerging sensitivities to the affective events in his environment through data collected over a 9-month period from groups of 10-, 15-, and 20-month-old infants. The infants' responses to affective events were recorded daily by their mothers and at 3-week intervals by home visitors. The second and third studies investigated (1) the relationship between perspective-taking skills and prosocial behavior, (2) the frequency, circumstances, and generality with which prosocial behaviors occur, and (3) the relationship between prosocial and antisocial behavior. Standard experimental situations were used to test a group of 3- to 7-year-olds on their perspective-taking skills and prosocial interventions. Observations in the children's natural play settings were used to record prosocial and aggressive interchanges and to measure social activity level. The results indicated that even very young children were able to discriminate between affective events and be responsive to the needs of others. No overall relation was found between perspective-taking abilities and prosocial behaviors at any age level. The findings with regard to prosocial behaviors and aggression were mixed. (JMB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Denver, Colorado, April 10-13, 1975)