ERIC Number: ED114008
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Feb
Protest Behavior and Response on the U.S. Campus. Volume I: An Overview.
Astin, Alexander W.; Bisconti, Ann S.
As part of a continuing examination of aspects of campus unrest, background, purpose and data information of the protest activity occurring during the academic year 1969-1970 was collected and used to analyze protest behavior and response. By recording all events in a single protest, as well as participants in each event, in sequential order, interrelationships between issues, participants, protest response, precipitation, and amplifying factors were examined. Some findings indicated racial protests resulted more than others because of nonresolution of previous protests; war-related protests were often precipitated by the arrival on campus of an industrial or governmental representative; racial protests made the greatest overall impact on the campus and war-related ones the least; black students led most racial protests, radical left students led most war-related protests, and unaffiliated students led most of those on issues of academic and student life; administrators were most responsive in black protests and least so in war-related ones; violence and civil action appear to be amplifying factors in protest; campus police presence tends to precede violence but off campus police presence tends to follow the first violent act; administration negative or nonresponse also preceded and is highly associated with violence; disruption appears to be associated more with persons than with events. (Author/KE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: American Council on Education, Washington, DC.
Note: Tables 7 (one page) and 20 (one page) will reproduce poorly because of small print