ERIC Number: ED113917
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Token Economy at the Classroom Level.
Ardoff, David G.; Weaver, Jerome F.
Evaluated was a pilot study on the use of behavior modification with 116 delinquent boys (8- to 15-years-old) committed to a residential treatment center. Upon assignment to classes, each S was placed on an individual contract which, when completed, was worth points redeemable for such things as candy and potato chips. Ss were administered the Wide Range Achievement Test, the Shipley Institute of Living Scales, and the Jesness Personality Inventory prior to and following the experimental program. Results showed that a token economy at the classroom level was effective in improving the quality and the quanity of learning skills, while raising achievement in reading and arithmetic; in affecting improved classroom behavior and positive changes in attitudes; in attaining increased skill in economics; and producing value systems oriented toward intangible and social reinforcers. From the study, a token economy handbook was devised which includes sections on purpose, daily scoring guidelines, tabulation process, reward system, and weekly system. Also included are appendixes on student-teacher contracts and the Jesness Inventory. (SB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A