ERIC Number: ED113774
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Philosophical Assumptions of Research on Gender Difference or: Two-By-Two and We'll Never Break Through.
Johnson, Bonnie McD.; Leck, Glorianne M.
The philosophical proposition axiomatic in all gender difference research is examined in this paper. Research on gender differences is that which attempts to describe categorical differences between males and females, based on a designated potential for sexual reproduction. The methodological problems raised by this assumption include the presumptions that masculinity and femininity are extreme opposites and that all persons in each group are more like the persons in their own gender identification group than they are like any one person in the other gender identification group. Anne Constantinople (1973) suggests that there is no rationale for believing that biological function is meaningful for understanding self-conception. This paper concludes by suggesting that the a priori assumption of two and only two genders has little to contribute beyond refinement of cultural prejudice and that the possibilities for use of such research by social planners is particularly treacherous. (LL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Speech Communication Association Summer Conference (Chicago, July, 1975)