ERIC Number: ED113684
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Measuring the Readability of Children's Trade Books.
Popp, Helen M.; Porter, Douglas
In order to utilize interesting children's trade books in a systematic reading program, two readability formulas were devised based on a selection of children's trade books. Children's scores on selections from these books and judges' rankings were compared. The judges' decisions were considered to be highly credible and were used as the criterion measure. Correlations are reported between 23 textual variables and the criterion. Two readability formulas based on these variables are discussed: one based on a regression analysis that included publisher and linguistic variables (Formula P) and one that included only the linguistic variables (Formula L). Formula P uses words per page and impersonal pronouns plus third person personal pronouns per sentence in the regression equation and correlates .819 with the judges' summed rankings on 50 books. Formula L uses words over seven letters long per sentence and impersonal pronouns plus third person personal pronouns per sentence in the regression equation and correlates .718 with reading difficulty as determined by judges' rankings on 50 books. The books used are listed by title and author, and the judges summed rankings and the regression formulae rankings are given. Grade level scores were not considered appropriate to be assigned. (MKM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Graduate School of Education.