ERIC Number: ED113676
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Apr-11
Reference Count: N/A
Fact Retrieval Processes in Human Memory. Psychology and Education Series Technical Report No. 252.
Wescourt, Keith T.; Atkinson, Richard C.
A major contribution of information-processing theory to the psychology of remembering is the concept of memory or information retrieval. Several theories of the fact retrieval processes of the human memory, which constitute a substrate for any cognitive ability requiring stored information, have drawn heavily on certain data processing constructs. This document is organized into three sections: (1) a definition of human fact retrieval and its implications for experimental investigations of memory, (2) theoretical constructs that have been used to formulate models of fact retrieval, and (3) the possible roles of temporal information and cues in experimental procedures for investigating human fact retrieval. The document considers the strengths and weaknesses of the current theoretical approach to memory that emphasizes the micro-processes and micro-structures. This approach is somewhat unique in its use of quantitative differences, as opposed to qualitative orderings, to resolve theoretical issues. The authors stress the influence of contextual cues on the fact retrieval process as well as problems related to complexity of research design, and conclude that it is not yet possible to design a single successful model of human fact retrieval. (Author/MR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Inst. for Mathematical Studies in Social Science.