ERIC Number: ED113673
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: 0
Helping Roles in School Systems: Counselors as Maintainers of the Status Quo.
Allan, Susan D.
Most counselors adopt a "clinical" role as opposed to an "environmental" one, seeking to make the individual adjust to existing social and educational conditions rather than trying to bring various aspects of the organization or social system into harmony with each other and with individual needs. To find out which role is actually adopted by counselors, the author sent questionnaires to 108 counselors in rural, urban, and suburban areas, and held extensive interviews with a subsample of 12 counselors. Items adjudged clinical received the three highest rankings, while the two most environmentally oriented items were ranked next to the bottom of the scale. The interview results indicated that the group considered the clinical role more appropriate than the environmental one. Counselors enjoy and feel more confident in the role of the clinician; moreover, counselors' perceptions of the expectations of others in the school, with the exception of students, also appear distinctly clinical. The author concludes that counselors are operating within a model that protects the status quo, fails to address change, and depends for its continuance on advocacy of the currently existing school system. (SE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, D.C., March 30-April 3, 1975)