ERIC Number: ED113633
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Apr-3
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship between the Parental Warmth-Hostility Dimension and the Development of Achievement Orientation in Males and Females.
Manley, Rebecca O.
This article summarizes and discusses some of the studies which relate parental attributes to children's achievement orientations, that is, both achievement motivation and achievement behavior. The warmth-hostility dimension is one of two main parental dimensions which have continually arisen in factor analyses of child rearing patterns. The other major dimension, that of permissiveness-restrictiveness, is considered in this paper only in relation to the warmth-hostility dimension. The paper includes a review of the major theories of achievement motivation and behavior, a description of the two main parental dimensions, and summaries of achievement studies related to the Warmth-Hostility dimension. The paper concludes with a discussion of the methodological limitations of these studies: the use of self-reports, lack of distinction between intellectual and academic achievement, not enough investigation of other kinds of achievement, and relatively little available data on the father-child relationship. The author makes recommendations concerning these and other methodological problems in this area of research. (Author/SJL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented by the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, D.C., March 30-April 3, 1975)