ERIC Number: ED113404
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1967-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Project Head Start and Differential Housing Environments Upon Child Development.
Rice, Robert R.
This study tests the influence of various combinations of housing environments with both the participation and nonparticipation of disadvantaged children in a special enrichment program. Three hypotheses are put forth: (1) children living in public housing will exhibit greater growth and development than children living in substandard housing; (2) children in Head Start programs will exhibit greater growth and development than control children; and (3) there will be no interaction effects. Two predictions derived from the hypotheses are made: (1) children living in better housing and participating in Head Start programs will exhibit greater growth and development than children in other groups, and (2) children living in substandard housing and not enrolled in Head Start programs will exhibit the least amount of growth and development. Only the second hypothesis was confirmed indicating Head Start's tremendous impact on the participating children. Three conclusions are drawn from this study: (1) Head Start, as compared with the housing environment, can produce more dramatic immediate results; (2) the significance of the housing environment as a factor in human growth and development remains inconclusive and needs further research for verification; and (3) the housing environment, rather than acting as a direct controlling influence, may simply provide the setting which encourages or inhibits the influence of other variables. (Author/AM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Missouri (Kansas City)