ERIC Number: ED113394
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
The Development of a Teacher Observation Instrument for Reading Instruction.
Quirk, Thomas J.; And Others
This report describes the observer's manual and the corresponding trainer's manual for the classroom observation instrument which was designed to code the behavior of the teacher during reading instruction. The "Reading: Teacher Observation Scale (TOS)" has been designed to be used with a corresponding observation instrument which focuses on the behavior of the students. The TOS can either be used by itself; or it can be used concurrently with the "Reading: Student Observation Scale (SOS)" by having two observers present in the classroom, one using the Reading TOS and the other observer using the Reading SOS. When both observation instruments are used at the same time in the classroom, the pair of trained observers would observe so that one observer codes the teacher's behavior in ten-second intervals while the other observer codes the behavior of a different student every fifteen seconds. The time intervals for these two instruments are different because the pilot tests of the instruments indicated that it was too difficult to do reliability studies of student observations within any shorter time-interval. The manual which was used by the observers during the training program appears in Part I of this report. The trainer's manual which was used during the training program appears in Part II of this report; the trainer's manual contains additional practice exercises and a detailed training schedule. The formal training program for the observers also included audio-tapes and color slides which simulated scripts of teacher-student interactions. (Author/RC)
Publication Type: Guides - General
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.