ERIC Number: ED113371
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Nov
Reference Count: 0
The Testing of Cultural Groups. A Paradigmatic Analysis of the Literature on Testing and a Proposition.
Ratteray, Joan D.
Numerous strategies have been used throughout the years to test cultural groups. This paper grew out of the need to find and use standardized tests that would depict accurately the performance of various cultural groups in America. In order to make judgments about performance, it is wise to examine the theoretical structure from which most of the existing tests were developed. Accordingly, the paper traces the development of the various strategies and theoretical structures, explaining why they have met with limited success. Through a paradigmatic analysis of the literature, it identifies the existing testing paradigm as a monocultural one, and it relates the various efforts to produce a culture-fair test. The paradigmatic analysis is extended to encompass a proposition, based upon the coalescence of the scientific (theoretical and measurement) and policy contexts. The analysis suggests a procedure by which tests can be developed and/or evaluated if they are to depict accurately the performance of various cultural groups. (Author)
Descriptors: Compensatory Education, Criterion Referenced Tests, Cultural Differences, Culture Fair Tests, Educational History, Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnic Groups, Literature Reviews, Minority Groups, Nature Nurture Controversy, Nontraditional Education, Political Issues, Predictive Validity, Racial Differences, Standardized Tests, Test Bias, Test Validity, Testing, Testing Problems
Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, Calif. 90406 ($5.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.