ERIC Number: ED113268
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: N/A
The Political and Social Impact of School Desegregation Policy: A Preliminary Report.
Rossell, Christine H.
The impact of school desegregation policy on community voting patterns and white flight in northern school districts is analyzed. Both voting behavior and white flight are considered two indicators of the success of school desegregation in achieving community social integration. School board elections, school tax referenda voting trends, and school racial composition data in the northern school districts over a 10-year period are examined. The results indicate that school desegregation increases voter turnout and dissent voting. While the increase in school board election turnout appears to be fairly permanent, the increase in dissent voting is only temporary. Therefore, in many communities school desegregation has more socially integrative characteristics than disintegrative with regard to voting behavior. In 86 northern school districts, school desegregation has little or no effect on white flight, as measured by the change in percentage of white students enrolled in public schools. Even in the two high desegregating school districts, white flight is minimal and temporary. While one cannot conclude that school desegregation has increased social integration by the third year after a major desegregation plan, the opposite conclusion is not warranted either. (Author/DE)
Descriptors: Boards of Education, Desegregation Effects, Elections, Integration Studies, Interaction Process Analysis, Local Issues, Neighborhood Integration, Northern Schools, Political Power, Political Science, Racial Integration, School Desegregation, Social Change, Social Influences, Social Integration, Social Science Research, Sociology, Voting
Christine H. Rossell, Political Science Department, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 ($2.50)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A