ERIC Number: ED113213
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Social Comparison, Contingency of Reward, and Age of Subject on Self-reinforcement, Self-confidence, and Task Persistence.
Applefield, James M.
The present study evaluates the immediate effects of an experimentally manipulated social comparison on the subsequent behavior of lower socioeconomic status black children four to five and seven to eight years of age. The effects of four conditions of social comparison are measured with respect to the children's self-reinforcement, self-confidence, and task persistence. Also evaluated are the effects of contingent versus noncontingent reward in the social comparison situation. The results indicate that positive social comparison yielded more self-reinforcement than negative social comparison. Younger children displayed more self-confidence than older children. This finding closely resembles the effects of repeated failure experiences on children and lends support to the contention that the social comparison process is related to the dimension of success and failure. It appears that the effects of an experimented manipulation of social comparison are somewhat different for children from black, lower socioeconomic status than for white children from similar backgrounds. (Author/DE)
Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Educational Sociology, Elementary Education, Interaction Process Analysis, Negative Reinforcement, Positive Reinforcement, Preschool Education, Rewards, Self Concept, Self Reward, Social Influences, Social Psychology, Social Reinforcement, Socioeconomic Influences, Task Performance
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: A paper prepared for the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, D. C., April 1975)