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ERIC Number: ED113095
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Need for Education Programs for American Indians in the Prisons.
Nordwall, Adam
Prompted by embarrassment and frustration in dealing with American Indian prisoners, San Quentin officials decided in the early 60's to secure outside help. Under guidance by an outside sponsor, a visitation program was established which, in turn, led to organization of the American Indian Cultural Group (AICG). Motivated by pride and embarrassment at its limited knowledge, the AICG requested informative materials on Indian culture which led to supportive sponsorship by the United Bay Area Council of American Indian Affairs and ultimately a "Joint Statement of Principles of Cooperation" between the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) and the California State Department of Corrections. This Joint Statement called for employment assistance, vocational training, and college scholarships. Though the ensuing program produced impressive results, it dissipated after 6 semesters, and today San Quentin has a 90 percent Indian recidivism rate. There are decided parallels between the practices of the BIA and the prison systems, as both are responsible for the collective dependency of the Indian. As there are also few differences between the enforced coercive dependency of the prison/reservation systems and the collective interdependency of tribal ways, the Indian convict must be encouraged to think for himself via appropriate educational programs such as that instituted at San Quentin. (JC)
Not available separately, see RC 008 797. ERIC/CRESS, Box 3AP, Las Cruces, NM 88003 (on loan)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Indian Education.
Authoring Institution: Navajo Community Coll., Tsaile, AZ.; American Indian Resource Associates, Oglala, SD.