ERIC Number: ED113093
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
Bilingual and Bicultural Education for American Indians.
Purley, Anthony F.
Those concerned with American Indian education must recognize the value inherent in revitalization of the fundamental Indian "life" principles. To this end, a critical examination of present Indian bilingual and bicultural programs is sorely needed. To provide a favorable climate for valid research in the evaluation of special programs, highest priority must be given to consideration of: (1) the educability of Indian youth; (2) the misconception of an either/or proposition relative to academic and bilingual education; (3) the lack of a solid foundation in communicative and computative skills as the greatest deterrent to Indian educability; (4) the rigid definitions applied to compensatory program allocations. In response to a felt need for better evaluation of special Indian education programs, the following methodologies are proposed: (1) the systems approach; (2) cost benefit analyses; (3) use of community leader, teacher, and student consultants; (4) periodic self evaluations by school staff and administrators. Recommendations for future bilingual/bicultural programs include research to: (1) develop an accurate picture of the status of such programs; (2) determine the standards of bilingual/bicultural educators; (3) explore the problems of student motivation; (4 evaluate demonstration projects in Indian education resource development and training. (JC)
Descriptors: American Indians, Basic Skills, Biculturalism, Bilingual Education, Consultants, Cost Effectiveness, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Needs, Self Evaluation, Social Values, Student Motivation, Systems Approach, Teacher Effectiveness
Not available separately, see RC 008 797. ERIC/CRESS, Box 3AP, Las Cruces, NM 88003 (on loan)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Indian Education.
Authoring Institution: Navajo Community Coll., Tsaile, AZ.; American Indian Resource Associates, Oglala, SD.