ERIC Number: ED113088
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
Public School Financing Considerations for American Indian Education.
Current problems in educational finance center on revenue sources, equalization of educational opportunities, efficiency, and adequacy. As of 1972, the percentages of revenue received from Federal, State, and local sources for public schools were: 7.1 percent, 40.9 percent, and 52 percent respectfully. Since consolidation of certain categorical Federal aid programs seems to be a trend, perhaps an effective use of Federal funds would be to combine categorical programs into general aid under a plan comparable to one of the following: (1) a national foundation program providing a minimum educational level for all children equalized according to the ability of the states; (2) flat grants with no required local or state effort to be used as a general purpose grant; (3) equal grants but requiring each local and state government to provide a certain effort. When looking at finance models, American Indians should consider the sources of revenue, the special educational needs of Indian students, and equalization. The following are models which may be considered: (1) Complete Local Support; (2) Flat Grant; (3) Equalization; (4) Full State (Federal) Support; and (5) Full Support (State or Federal). The latter model would prove most feasible for Indians, as it would incorporate cost differentials for students of different needs yet would not make education dependent upon the wealth of the district. (JC)
Descriptors: American Indians, Educational Finance, Educational Needs, Elementary Secondary Education, Equalization Aid, Federal Aid, Models, Problems, Resource Allocation, State Aid
Not available separately, see RC 008 789. ERIC/CRESS, Box 3AP, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003 (on loan)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Indian Education.
Authoring Institution: Navajo Community Coll., Tsaile, AZ.; American Indian Resource Associates, Oglala, SD.
Note: For related documents, see RC 008 769-792; RC 008 794-803