ERIC Number: ED113087
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
Jurisdictional Problems of Indian Controlled Schools.
An overwhelming confusion caused by lack of knowledge exists among the general public, American Indian parents, and even Indian school boards concerning the rules, purposes, and regulations of the myriad pieces of legislation dealing with Indian education. Such confusion is used by school administrators to perpetuate the power in Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Schools and by public school districts to mask their misuse of Indian monies. Federal responsibility for the education of all Indian children is based on: (1) treaty obligations; (2) general citizenship obligations; and (3) the practicality of providing via education for a better society. As of 1970, some 300,000 Indian students were enrolled in schools (BIA regular, BIA contract, mission, community, off-reservation and on-reservation public schools). Funds appropriated for Indians under the Johnson O'Malley Act, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, and the Indian Education Act have repeatedly been used for other than specifically Indian needs. Recommendations for legislative and/or bureaucratic revision will not accomplish anything until control of Indian education is given to Indians and until all monies appropriated for Indian education are funded through a single governmental agency subject to uniform regulations and a monitoring system to assure Indian use of funds. (JC)
Descriptors: Administrative Agencies, American Indians, Communication (Thought Transfer), Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Laws, Parent Participation, Program Evaluation, School District Autonomy
Not available separately, see RC 008 789. ERIC/CRESS, Box 3AP, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003 (on loan)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Indian Education.
Authoring Institution: Navajo Community Coll., Tsaile, AZ.; American Indian Resource Associates, Oglala, SD.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I; Indian Education Act 1972; Johnson O Malley Act