ERIC Number: ED113082
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
A Variation Plan for Indian Communities.
Wax, Murray L.
Since American Indians are extremely diverse in their social and cultural situations and are widely scattered geographically, any set of educational prescriptions must be flexible, allowing for variations among individuals, tribes, and regions, as well as among occupational and social class positions. Local representation and control coupled with careful monitoring via research, investigation, and evaluation are needed to prevent waste of Federal funds and to meet the educational demands of Indian diversity. Program provisions for tribal traditional Indians living in a rural enclave should include: (1) parental school board representation; (2) specifically tailored bilingual and bicultural curricula; (3) reservation based training programs for teachers and adults; (4) counseling for boys via physical education programs; (5) elimination of mass boarding facilities for elementary school children; and (6) use of innovative small residential systems for secondary education. Provisions for middle class rural Indians should be directed toward preservation of cultural ties and successful college experiences, while urban Indian education should be directed toward exploring educational alternatives via use of Indian centers, existing boarding schools, or reservation facilities. Options of graduate and vocational training should be provided for Indian adults. (JC)
Descriptors: Adult Education, American Indian Reservations, American Indians, Educational Needs, Elementary Secondary Education, Graduate Study, Rural Areas, Social Differences, Urban Areas, Vocational Education
Not available separately, see RC 008 779. ERIC/CRESS, Box 3AP, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003 (on loan)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Indian Education.
Authoring Institution: Navajo Community Coll., Tsaile, AZ.; American Indian Resource Associates, Oglala, SD.
Note: For related documents, see RC 008 769-786, 788-803