ERIC Number: ED113070
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
Testing, Evaluation and the Indian Education Act of 1972.
Heath, Robert W.; Nielson, Mark A.
The history of testing and evaluation in Indian education has been less than satisfactory since achievement and intelligence testing instruments traditionally have been norm-referenced, rather than criterion-referenced, and have not accounted for cultural differences. The Indian Education Act of 1972 provides for Indian involvement in the evaluation of Federal Indian education programs. Sound testing and evaluation procedures should make provision for validity, reliability, and practicality, while useful program evaluations should include: (1) tangible criteria; (2) accurate and relevant information; (3) an evaluation plan; (4) a program description; (5) able and cooperative people; and (6) use of and reports of the results. Issues critical to policy information under the Act should include consideration of: (1) pluralism; (2) multilingualism; (3) poverty; and (4) cultural differences. Position statements on the evaluation of Indian education programs are proposed as follows: (1) the authority for external evaluation should be exercised by local Indian communities; (2) use of norm-referenced standardized achievement and IQ tests should be discouraged; (3) an evaluation review panel should be organized to review projects and applications for adequacy of evaluation plans and degree of community participation in evaluation. (JC)
Descriptors: American Indians, Criterion Referenced Tests, Cultural Differences, Cultural Pluralism, Culture Fair Tests, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Criteria, Multilingualism, Norm Referenced Tests, Policy Formation, Program Evaluation
Not available separately, see RC 008 772. ERIC/CRESS, Box 3AP, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003 (on loan)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Indian Education.
Authoring Institution: Navajo Community Coll., Tsaile, AZ.; American Indian Resource Associates, Oglala, SD.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Indian Education Act 1972