ERIC Number: ED113026
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Relationship of Imaginary Companions in Young Children to Intelligence, Creativity, and Waiting Ability.
Manosevitz, Martin; Fling, Sheila
This study attempted to assess directly whether children who had had an imaginary companion were significantly different from those who had not, in intelligence, creativity, and waiting ability, each of which had been identified in previous research as an important correlate of this phenomenon. A total of 84 children participated in this study, half of whom had been identified as having an imaginary companion and half of whom had been identified as not having one. The two groups had an equal number of boys and girls, did not differ significantly in subjects' age (average 5 years 9 months) or socioeconomic status (predominantly middle class), and were matched to ensure equal numbers of only children, first borns, and later borns. Each child was tested at home in his own room with the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test to measure intelligence, the Uses Task and Abstract Patterns Task to measure creativity, and a modification of Singer's (1961) waiting ability task. There were no significant differences between the two groups on any of the three measures. Discrepancies between the findings of this study and those of the other studies cited in this paper were attributed to methodological differences. (Author/JMB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Inst. of Human Development.