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ERIC Number: ED113016
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Apr-4
Pages: 39
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Sociability and Social Sensitivity: Characteristics of the Stranger.
Clarke-Stewart, Alison
This paper reports an 18-month investigation of the differential effects of social context (i.e., characteristics of people in the child's immediate environment) on infants' positive social behavior. The social behaviors of 14 children from 1 to 2-1/2 years of age were observed at home and in a laboratory playroom. The social context was varied along three broad categories of stranger characteristics: familiarity to the child, personal qualities of the individual, and type of behavior performed by the stranger. Data were analyzed by sex of infant, by the degree to which infants demonstrated social competence with their mothers, and by infants' familiarity with the observed situation, as well as by characteristics of the strangers. Results were interpreted to illustrate the need for experimenters to take into account characteristics and behaviors of testers and observers in assessing infant social development. In addition, it was suggested that by the time children are 14 months old, and increasingly over the next year and a half, they spontaneously initiate positive social behavior and are appropriately responsive to adults whom they have never met before. (BRT)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (New York, N.Y., April 4, 1975) and the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Denver, Colorado, April 11, 1975)