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ERIC Number: ED112893
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 231
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Response Requirement and Information About Correct Responses in Programmed Instruction. Linkoping Studies in Education No. 5.
Grundin, Hans U.
To test some aspects of Skinnerian programed instruction, a 241-frame program on Swedish grammar was presented to students 10 to 12 years old. Skinnerian insistence on student-constructed overt responses and on presenting the "key answer" after each frame were contrasted with covert responses and key answer frequencies less than 100 percent. The effects of combinations of overt or covert response requirements and 100, 50 or 0 percent key answers were also studied. It was concluded that in programs of less than 100 frames, response requirement and key answer frequency have very little influence on learning; that in programs over 200 frames, overt response without key answers or covert response leads to better learning. Overt response is most effective when the program demands learning unfamiliar response terms. Covert response leads to considerably shorter working time and greater learning efficiency. The Skinnerian model is held not superior to other alternatives studied. (SK)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Linkoping Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of Education.
Identifiers - Location: Sweden