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ERIC Number: ED112639
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-May-17
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Rhetorical Competence: Queries and Questions.
Campbell, B. G.
A native speaker of a language possesses both grammatical and rhetorical competence. A grammatical model, in its deep structure, represents an "is a" relationship. It seeks to offer some explanation of a human being as a human being. A rhetorical model represents a "counts as" relationship. It seeks to offer some explanation of a human being as a social animal. Linguistic models, such as the performative analysis, that attempt to integrate illocutionary force into a grammar are ill-conceived. An illocutionary act must be context-oriented. A rhetoric relates illocutionary force and context. That is, a particular chunk of linguistic material (generated by the grammar, without orientation to context) counts as a particular illocutionary act (the actualization of an illocutionary force) in a particular context. Queries, a rhetorical concept, underlain by basic assumptions or sincerity conditions (Austin's proper thoughts and feelings), and questions, a grammatical concept, provide interesting examples of and insights into incongruities resulting from the nexus of grammatical and rhetorical competence. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A