ERIC Number: ED112574
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Tactile Vs. Verbal Reinforcement on Attention to Task and Arithmetic Accuracy of Emotionally Disturbed Boys.
Clements, J. E.; Tracy, D. B.
A study involving 20 emotionally disturbed boys (9- to 11-years-old) was conducted to determine the effects of tactile and verbal reinforcement on attention to task and accuracy. Ss were given arithmetic problems to work during 16 20-minute sessions under four conditions: tactile reinforcement (intermittent touch pressure applied to Ss shoulders as they worked); verbal reinforcement (intermittent praise by the teacher); a combination of tactile and verbal reinforcement; and control treatment (no reinforcement cues). At the end of each period, scores were calculated for each S on both attention to task and accuracy of performance. Results showed that the combination treatment was most effective in producing high attention to task and high accuracy in problem solving; that tactile and verbal reinforcement alone ranked second and third in effectiveness; and that combination, verbal, and tactile treatments were all superior to the control with the exception that verbal reinforcement alone failed to produce higher problem solving accuracy. (Author/SB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, D.C., March 30-April 3, 1975)