ERIC Number: ED112573
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Blocking and Instructions to Organize in the Free Recall and Subjective Organization of EMR Adolescents.
Glidden, Laraine Masters
Number of stimulus items presented together (one, three or five) and instructions to organize were studied in a multitrial free recall experiment with 83 educable retarded adolescents. Results of individual sessions in which Ss were asked to recall 15 common words indicated that presentation of three stimuli together produced the highest subjective organization but that this blocking did not influence overall number of correct responses. Blocking did, however, extend the recency effect in the serial position curve. Instructions to organize resulted in neither higher organization nor more correct responses. (Author/CL)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Cognitive Processes, Exceptional Child Research, Intermediate Grades, Learning, Memory, Mental Retardation, Mild Mental Retardation, Recall (Psychology), Secondary Education
Laraine Masters Glidden, Box 89, Teachers College, Columbia University, N.Y., N.Y. 10027
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, D.C., March 30-April 3, 1975); Not available in hard copy due to light print of original document