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ERIC Number: ED112553
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Pages: 94
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Establishment of Learned Reinforcers in Mildly Retarded Children. IMRID Behavioral Science Monograph No. 24.
Worley, John C., Jr.
Research regarding the establishment of learned reinforcement with mildly retarded children is reviewed. Noted are findings which indicate that educable retarded students, possibly due to cultural differences, are less responsive to social rewards than either nonretarded or more severely retarded children. Characteristics of primary and secondary reinforcers are described, and learning theories relevant to motivation are evaluated for their potential in changing mildly retarded students' reinforcement systems. Considered are procedures for establishing reinforcement based on three categories of learning theory: contiguity theory (including operant conditioning), cognitive theory, and exposure theory (including drive theory). Proposed is an integrated theory of reinforcement which incorporates principles from existing theories. (CL)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: George Peabody Coll. for Teachers, Nashville, TN. Inst. on Mental Retardation and Intellectual Development.