ERIC Number: ED112450
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
A Survey of the Research on Sex Differences in Nonverbal Communication.
Blahna, Loretta J.
Although the bulk of recent research on nonverbal communication has involved studies of the functions of nonverbal behavior (emotion conveying, regulation, and adaption), a few studies have focused on the differences in nonverbal communication variables between men and women. These differences have been found in vocal patterns, intensities, length of speaking turn, eye gazing and contact, amount and timing of smiling behavior, posture and movement, spacing, and the amount, initiation, and area of touching. In addition, the same or similar nonverbal behaviors may be given different meanings by observers, as in vocal patterns, the smiling behavior of parents, and eye behavior. If future studies confirm that sex is a significant variable in nonverbal communication, sex should be a consistent component of further research design, teachers should be aware of the differences in a classroom context, and women and men may want to acquire new nonverbal behaviors to expand their repertoire of communication. (Two charts are included, one on simulated vocal cues and personality types and one on touching.) (JM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the 1975 Summer Conference of the Speech Communication Association