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ERIC Number: ED112407
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Can Pre-adolescents Produce Metamorphic Figures? A Training Study.
Winner, Ellen
In order to gain further information about the emerging metaphoric capacity of preadolescents, a training study was devised in which subjects were seen repeatedly over a period of several months. Thirteen fifth grade students from a lower-middle-class background were randomly selected to compose a training group and 18 matched subjects formed a control group. All subjects were given a pretest which consisted of 10 unfinished vignettes whose completion required a simile (an explicit metaphor). The completion task consisted of two parts: subjects first created their own endings for each item and then chose an ending from several which were presented to them. The study clearly documented the fact that fifth graders in this population could produce and appreciate figurative language. Metaphoric endings were preferred by all subjects by the third week of the study; metaphoric endings were routinely produced by all of the subjects by the sixth week of the study. Although individual rates of progress varied widely, the stages through which subjects passed in acquiring metaphoric understanding were remarkably similar. (RB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A