ERIC Number: ED112325
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Jun
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Group Size and Presentation Method On the Impact of a Drug Presentation.
Kriner, Richard E.; Vaughan, Michael R.
The purpose of this research was to assess the relative effectiveness in changing attitudes of (a) a lecture method versus a discussion method of presenting drug information, and (b) large groups versus small groups as recipients of drug education efforts. A total of 475 basic trainees at Fort Knox, Kentucky were given a drug attitude and information questionnaire during the early part of "fill week" in their basic training, before they had received any Army training related to drugs. Four days later, the trainees were given a one-hour drug presentation, followed by another administration of the drug attitude and information questionnaire. The method of presentation was either lecture, structured discussion, or unstructured discussion; group size ranged from five to forty-five trainees. The lecture was objective about drug users, stressed physical and psychological needs rather than drug "facts," and could be used in topical outline form to guide the discussion groups. Thirty-six trainees formed a control group. Neither group size nor method of presentation had a statistically significant effect upon attitude change. This report will be of interest to those concerned with drug education and attitude change. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Army Research Inst. for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, Arlington, VA.
Authoring Institution: Human Resources Research Organization, Fort Knox, KY. Div. 2.