ERIC Number: ED112321
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Attributions of Success and Failure for Males and Females as Actors and Observers.
Bar-Tal, Daniel; Frieze, Irene H.
This report presents the results of two experimental studies undertaken to investigate some of the differences in success and failure attributions made by actors and observers in an achievement situation. Causal attributions of a person actually experiencing a success or failure (the actor) and someone who read about the situation (the observer) were compared. Both sets of subjects were volunteers drawn from college introductory psychology and geology classes. Actors were found to be relatively more likely to perceive their outcomes as caused by external factors (task difficulty and luck), while observers attributed these outcomes more to internal factors (effort). Attributions for both actors and observers were also strongly affected by whether the outcome was a success or failure. Hypotheses concerning sex differences in attributions were only weakly supported. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Learning Research and Development Center.