ERIC Number: ED112138
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Computational Achievement of Group IV Trainees With a Self-Study Format: Effects of Introducing Audio, Withdrawing Assistance, and Increasing Training Time. Final Report.
Main, R. E.
The document evaluates Navy Mental Group Four personnel gains in competency of basic communication and computational skills after taking the Practical Arithmetic Self-Study course. Categorized as Group Four by receiving scores from the 10th to the 30th percentile on the Armed Forces Qualification test, trainees received instruction in computational skills up to a ninth grade level of difficulty through three techniques: audio instruction, minimizing direct assistance, and increasing time of study. Audio instruction techniques included reducing reading requirements and the visual complexity of presentation, with neither method improving test scores. Withdrawal of assistance and extension of training time were combined techniques that produced improvement in test scores. Less than half of the trainees involved in the study were able to achieve a ninth grade level, making their performance of typically required computational tasks of Navy enlisted men uncertain. More effective training approaches will have to be developed along with a determination of the nature of difficulties experienced by Group Four personnel. Tabulation of test results are included and the arithmetic operations quiz, attitude questionnaire results, and evaluation of audio techniques, and a sample of standard and audio versions of course material are appended. (LH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Navy Personnel Research and Development Center, San Diego, CA.