ERIC Number: ED111958
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: N/A
Organisation for Change: The British National Health Service.
Chester, T. E.
Begun in 1948, The National Health Service was organized in a "functional" pattern of three main groups: hospital service, primary health care, and community health services and personal social services. Dissatisfaction led to a reorganization in 1974 along geographical divisions for region, area, and district levels, necessitating a managing staff. New organizational problems presented themselves: (1) the need for training management personnel and community physicians and (2) decision-making based on consensus rather than authoritative hierarchical status. The Department of Health entered into agreement with eight educational centers in various parts of England to sponsor four types of training: multiprofessional integration courses for all types of senior staff, courses for voluntary members of the new health authorities, programs for clinicians to prepare them for management roles, and courses for Medical Officers of Health and their medically qualified staffs in preparation for their role as community physicians. The costs of the residential courses were to be borne by the Department of Health. (The program at the University of Manchester is described in detail.) An evaluation of the program arrived at a positive assessment. (Outcomes of the program are viewed from three perspectives: the National Health Service, the universities, and the government.) (AG)
Descriptors: Administrator Education, Foreign Countries, Health Personnel, Health Services, Medical Education, Medical Services, National Programs, Organizational Change, Organizational Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Retraining
OECD Publications Center, Suite 1207, 1750 Pennsylvania Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C. 20006 ($2.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)