ERIC Number: ED111952
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: N/A
MOBRAL--The Brazilian Adult Literacy Experiment. Educational Studies and Documents No. 15.
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).
The Brazilian Literacy Movement (MOBRAL-El Movimento Brasileno de Alfabetizacion de Adultos) is discussed in terms of its legal and conceptual bases, organization, participants, technical aspects, and effectiveness. Established by law December 15, 1967 to lower the illiteracy rate in Brazil by improving educational opportunities for the population, it has established four main programs: (1) functional literacy teaching, providing six months of primary education; (2) integrated education, a year-long supplement to primary education; (3) community development, two months of community oriented education; (4) cultural MOBRAL, reaching Brazilians through mobile libraries, radio, correspondence courses, and cultural posts. Background is given on the educational and economic problems of Brazil and their interrelationship. Literacy teachers, by the end of 1972, had involved one out of every six Brazilians aged 15 or over in MOBRAL activities. Initial success has been attributed to: government interest on the local, State, and national level; technical and financial independence; and the availability of educational materials and teachers. Tables give illiteracy rates in terms of region, age group, and sex. Five appendixes provide texts of the law establishing MOBRAL, regional and municipal agreements, a list of teaching materials used, and a bibliography. (LH)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Education, Adult Literacy, Adult Programs, Developing Nations, Educational Needs, Foreign Countries, Functional Literacy, National Programs, Program Descriptions
UNESCO Publications Center, P.O. Box 433, New York, New York 10016 ($2.65)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).
Identifiers - Location: Brazil