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ERIC Number: ED111897
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Mar
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Language of Participation and the Language of Resistance.
Edelman, Murray
This paper holds that the outcomes of formal procedures between low-status groups and those in authority over them are largely symbolic or marginal in character. Language and gestures are said to define the involvement of these groups with authorities either as joint participation in policy making or as conflict. Whether a political action is perceived as either a form of participation or as a form of conflict is said to depend on linguistic and gestural categorization. This dichotomy is stated to hold far-reaching consequences for public support or opposition to regimes, and compliance with or resistance to rules. The poor are seen to lack informal sanctions that confer influence, but can threaten elites by causing disorder-a political weapon which the poor renounce on becoming politicized. Among the topics discussed are private versus public issues, politicization as co-optation, influences versus ritual, the use of disorder, the structuring of perception through politicization, intense politicization, clarification and blurring of adversary relations, and antipolitics. (Author/AM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.