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ERIC Number: ED111881
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Apr
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Methodological Problems in Developing Instruments for Cross-National Studies.
Thorndike, Robert L.
In developing tests for the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) survey, methodological problems arose in three areas: curriculum, communication, and culture. Efforts to identify the core of common objectives and the penumbra of distinctive, sometimes partly shared but sometimes unique, goals operated through a system of national and international committees. Each country was given the responsibility of assembling a national committee, each having the task of preparing a national blueprint of content and process objectives that would be appropriate at the specified age or grade levels in that country. Through interaction with national and international committees, items were selected, edited, and assembled into preliminary forms for try-out. Communication was a problem in maintaining the flow of information, materials, and actions out to the participating countries and back to the central coordinating office. In a more specific sense, communication was a problem in the domain of language and translation. Problems involved in the area of culture were semantic and in picking a set of quantitative alternatives giving good differentiation between countries. (Author/RC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A